Zoe Lofgren Wikipedia

Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren 111th pictorial.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

from California's 19th district
Assumed office

January 3, 2013
Preceded byJeff Denham
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

from California's 16th district
In office

January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byDon Edwards
Succeeded byJim Costa
Chairman of the House Ethics Committee
In office

January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byGene Green
Succeeded byJo Bonner
Personal details
BornSue Lofgren

(1947-12-21) December 21, 1947 (age 66)

San Mateo, California
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)John Marshall Collins
ResidenceSan Jose, California
Alma materStanford University, Santa Clara University School of Law
Occupationattorney, political assistant
ReligionLutheran - ELCA
Zoe Lofgren (born December 21, 1947), pronounced ZO, is the U.S. Representative for California's 19th congressional district, serving in Congress since 1995. She is a member of the Democratic Party. The district is based in San Jose.


    Early life, education, and early career

    A lifelong Bay Area resident, Lofgren attended Gunn High School in Palo Alto, earned her B.A. at Stanford University and a J.D. at Santa Clara University School of Law. While in high school, Lofgren was a member of the Junior State of America, a student-run political debate, activism, and student governance organization. She left the San Jose area for a few years after graduation from Stanford, to serve as a staff assistant to Congressman Don Edwards, in whose office she worked on, among other projects, the attempted impeachment of Richard Nixon. She was also instrumental in the creation of a Bay Area wilderness area that now bears the name of Edwards.

    Returning to San Jose, Lofgren worked in Edwards' district office, while at the same time earning her law degree. After two years as partner at an immigration law firm in San Jose, she was elected first to a community college board, then to the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, where she served for 13 years. Lofgren also spent three years teaching classes on immigration law at her former law school at Santa Clara University.

    U.S. House of Representatives

    Earlier photo of Lofgren
    In 1994, Edwards decided to retire after 32 years in Congress. Lofgren entered the Democratic primary—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district—as a decided underdog, but managed to defeat the favorite, former San Jose mayor Tom McEnery. Lofgren's victory virtually assured her of becoming only the second person to represent the district since its creation in 1963 (it was numbered as the 9th District from 1963 to 1975, as the 10th from 1975 to 1993 and has been the 16th since 1993). She has been reelected eight times with no substantive opposition.

    Lofgren is currently the chair of the 34-member California Democratic Congressional Delegation. She serves on the Judiciary Committee and is the chair of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. In April 2011, she became the first member of Congress to call for federal investigation into the Secure Communities deportation program.

    During the 110th Congress, Lofgren worked for the development of fusion energy. She initiated a bill that would accelerate its uses as an alternative energy solution. Another piece of legislation that she recently authored has the goal of providing lower Internet access rates to schools, libraries, and other public institutions.

    She is a leader on intellectual property law issues, and has fought against what she views as the unnecessary expansion of copyright law. Lofgren supports more immigration,

    Beginning in 2009, Lofgren served as chair of the House Ethics Committee. In doing so, she presided over a rare sanction of censure, against long-time member Charles B. Rangel.

    On December 15, 2011, she was declared "a Hero of the Internet"[by whom?] for her role in the Stop Online Piracy Act House Judiciary Committee hearings, in which she defended the current state of the internet in opposition of the bill. She has also opposed the data retention requirements in the H.R. 1981 (the Protecting Children from Internet Pornographers Act of 2011).

    In February 2013, Lofgren became one of the sponsors of the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act to expedite open access to taxpayer-funded research.

    Committee assignments

    • United States House Committee on House Administration
      • Subcommittee on Oversight (Ranking Member)
    • United States House Committee on the Judiciary
      • Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet
      • Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement (Ranking Member)
    • United States House Committee on Science, Space and Technology
      • Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
      • Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight


    • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus (Associate Member)

    Other leadership positions
    • Chair of the California Democratic Congressional Delegation

    Electoral history

    16th Congressional District of California, Democratic Primary election, June 7, 1994
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren16,16845.3%
    DemocraticTom McEnery15,03742.2%
    DemocraticDick Lane1,5374.3%
    DemocraticCynthia Williamson1,4144.0%
    DemocraticTom Harney7802.2%
    DemocraticEdward R. Dykes7212.0%
    Voter turnout %
    United States House of Representatives elections, 1994
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren74,93565.0%
    RepublicanLyle J. Smith40,40935.0%
    No partyBarraza (write-in)80.0%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 1996
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)94,02065.7%
    RepublicanChuck Wojslaw43,19730.2%
    LibertarianDavid Bonino4,1242.8%
    Natural LawAbaan Abu-Shumays1,8661.3%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 1998
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)85,50372.82%
    RepublicanHorace Eugene Thayn27,49423.42%
    Natural LawJohn H. Black4,4173.76%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2000
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)115,11872.1%
    RepublicanHorace "Gene" Thayn37,21323.3%
    LibertarianDennis Michael Umphress4,7423.0%
    Natural LawEdward J. Klein2,6731.6%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2002
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)72,37067.1%
    RepublicanDouglas Adams McNea32,18229.8%
    LibertarianDennis Michael Umphress3,4343.1%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2004
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)129,22270.9%
    RepublicanLawrence R. Wiesner47,99226.4%
    LibertarianMarkus Welch5,0672.7%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2006
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)98,92972.8%
    RepublicanCharel Winston37,13027.2%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2008
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)146,48171.3%
    RepublicanCharel Winston49,39924.1%
    LibertarianSteven Wells9,4474.6%
    Voter turnout %
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2010
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)105,84167.9%
    RepublicanDaniel Sahagun37,91324.3%
    LibertarianEdward M. Gonzalez12,3047.8%
    Democratic hold
    United States House of Representatives elections, 2012
    DemocraticZoe Lofgren (incumbent)162,30073.2%
    RepublicanRobert Murray59,31326.8%
    Democratic hold

    Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoe_Lofgren )
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