India and Pakistan are preparing to celebrate 70 years of independence from Britain, which occurred at the stroke of midnight on the eve of August 14th 1947.

The separation, however, set off unprecedented communal carnage on both sides of a border hastily created by the British, which split the subcontinent into two separate countries.

Mass migration followed, marred by violence and bloodshed, as about 15 million Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs, fearing discrimination, swapped countries in a political upheaval that cost more than a million lives.

The twin cities of Lahore and Amritsar where split roughly down the middle at partition.

Niranjan Singh was barely 5 years old when he crossed over from the village Bhasin on the Pakistan side to their current home in Sarangra village in Amristar district.

“Everyone used to feel scared, the time was such. We were scared that someone might just come and kill us. We used to be very alert even while sleeping and I used to always sleep with my mother and father.”

India and Pakistan have fought three wars since 1947, and relations remain tense, particularly when it comes to the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, which both claim in full but rule in parts.

At the Wagah border post, which falls almost mid-way between Amritsar and Lahore, border guards from the two neighbours play out their hostilities, every evening at sunset in a colourfully orchestrated flag ceremony .

Thousands of supporters from each country come to witness a rousing show of patriotism from their respective border guards who stomp their feet and shout their lungs out during their daily retreat.

Source: Euronews-en
Copyright Euronews-en. All rights reserved, reprinted with permission by Dailymotion

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India: India , officially the Republic of India [c], is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-wes
- India Wikipedia
Pakistan: Pakistan ), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan , is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country and with an area covering 796,095 km2 , it is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area. Located at the c
- Pakistan Wikipedia
British: The word British is an adjective referring in various ways to the United Kingdom, or the island of Great Britain, and its people.
August: August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and one of seven months with a length of 31 days.
Mass: In physics, mass is a property of a physical system or body, giving rise to the phenomena of the body's resistance to being accelerated by a force and the strength of its mutual gravitational attraction with other bodies. Instruments such as mass balances or scales use those phenomena to measure ma
Lahore: Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. A native of Lahore is called Lahori. It is the largest native Punjabi-populated city in the world and an important historical centre of the country. Lahore is situated near India with the closest I
Muslims: A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam. The Qur'an is the holy book of Islam and Muslims believe that it is the verbatim word of God as revealed to the prophet Muhammad. Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad as recorded in traditional accounts called hadith
Kashmir: Kashmir is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. It is also called and known as the Heaven on Earth because of its natural widespread beauty. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain ran
Amritsar: Amritsar Punjabi pronunciation:[mts], historically also known as Rmdspur and colloquially as Ambarsar) is a city in the north-western part of India. It is the spiritual centre for the Sikh religion and the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar district in the state of Punjab.